The Munich Agreement Of 1938 Has Often Been Associated With What

We are in a major disaster that has struck Great Britain and France. Don`t dazzle him. We must now accept that all the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, with the victorious Nazi power, will meet the best possible conditions. The system of alliances in Central Europe, on which France relied for its security, has been swept away and I see no way to restore it. The road down the Danube valley to the Black Sea, the road that leads to Turkey, has been opened. Meanwhile, a new Czechoslovakian cabinet, headed by General Jan Syrova, was set up and on 23 September, a general mobilization decree was adopted with great enthusiasm by public opinion – in 24 hours, a million men joined the army to defend the country. The Czechoslovakian army, modern, experienced and with an excellent system of border fortifications, was ready to fight. The Soviet Union has announced that it is ready to assist Czechoslovakia if the Soviet army can cross Polish and Romanian territories. Both countries refused to allow the Soviet army to use their territories. [38] 5. The international commission referred to in paragraph 3 determines the areas in which a referendum is planned. These areas will be occupied by international bodies until the end of the referendum. The same Commission will define the conditions under which the referendum is to take place, based on the conditions of the Saarland plebiscite.

The Commission will also set a date no later than the end of November, when the referendum will take place. In my letter of July 18, 1941, I informed Your Excellency that the King had decided to accredit an extraordinary envoy and ministerial delegate to Dr. Beneé as President of the Czechoslovak Republic. I explained that this decision implied that Her Majesty`s Government in the United Kingdom considered the legal position of the President and The Government of the Czechoslovak Republic to be identical to that of other Allied leaders and governments in that country. Her Majesty`s representative status has recently been promoted to ambassadorial status. After being so strengthened by the example of others, I will imitate them. So I would like to start by saying the most unpopular and the most unwelcome. First of all, I would like to say what everyone wants to ignore or forget, but what we have to say is that we have suffered a total and total defeat and that France has suffered even more than we have. If this determination was made and the way was followed – it can be said that it was wise or reckless, prudent or short-sighted – after the decision not to make the defence of Czechoslovakia a matter of war, there was really no reason, if the matter had been dealt with in the usual way in the summer, to call in a reckless manner all this huge apparatus of crisis. I think that should be taken into consideration.

In the spring of 1938, Hitler openly began to support calls from German spokesmen living in the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia for closer relations with Germany. Hitler had recently annexed Austria to Germany and the conquest of Czechoslovakia was the next step in his plan to create a “Greater Germany”. The Czechoslovakian government hoped that Britain and France would help in the event of a German invasion, but British Prime Minister Chamberlain tried to avoid war. He made two trips to Germany in September and offered favorable agreements to Hitler, but Fuhrer responded to his demands. As far as this country is concerned, the responsibility must rest with those who have had undisputed control over our political affairs.